[page]听力文本[/page]Syria has now been at war for seven years, and if anything it's getting worse. Peaceful protests turned into a civil war. But, and this is the key to understanding what's really going on, that civil war has now morphed into something else. A conflict of global dimensions, playing out within Syria. In a second we'll explore why, but first, who is involved? Well, you still got the forces of President Basher al Assad. He's backed up by Russia, as well as Iran and various powerful Shia militias. Then you've got the rebels. Now, they've been taken an absolute battering, but are still fighting on. Two of the biggest are called Jaysh al Islam and Ahrar al Sham. Up in the North are the Kurds. They're an ethnic group that spread right across the region, and now hold large areas of the north of the country. They're allies of the US. There's also Turkey, which is fighting Kurdish forces.
And Israel which is launching airstrikes in the south. And finally the Islamic State group, the fanatical jihadists who took over large parts of Syria and Iraq, grabbing the world's attention with their brutality. They've lost almost all their territory, but are still a threat. But if you really want to understand what is going on in Syria, you need to know why people are fighting. Since the very start, President Assad has had one objective: staying in power. And, he's been prepared to do pretty much anything to achieve it. Although he denies it, the West has accused him of war crimes; from indiscriminate bombing to using chemical weapons, his forces are thought to have been responsible for most of the conflict's deaths. Assad's main target has always been the groups that he calls terrorists, but most others call rebels. They share one aim—to overthrow him—but, in truth, that is really all they have in common in many cases.
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2. morph into 变为TVs will continue to morph into living room-based computers in 2010.
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